Highlights of New Education Policy 2020 | Transformational reforms in school and higher education system

Education is the foundation of any Nation. So, every person in the world should be educated. This will be beneficial for both Nation and the Person. Indian Education Policy was 34 years old and so it need to be modified.  “Aim of this New Education Policy 2020’ is to create an education system which is rooted in Indian ethos and can rebuild India as a global knowledge superpower” The highlights of New Education Policy 2020 are as under:





Highlights of New Education Policy 2020.


➤ Objective of New Education Policy 2020 is to bring transformational change in the Indian Education system through holistic and multidisciplinary approaches which will lead to the overall development of students.

➤ New Education Policy aims for Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030

New Education Policy 2020 aims to bring more than 2 crore out of school children back into the main stream

➤ As per NEP there will be new 5+3+3+4 pattern school curriculum with 12 years of schooling and 3 years of Anganwadi/ Pre-schooling.

➤ Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy advocated in the policy and no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools ; Vocational Education will start  from Class 6 with Internships.

➤ Teaching upto at least Class 5 (5th Grade) to be in mother tongue/regional language.

➤ As per New Education Policy 2020 Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Students Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes

➤ The aim of NEP for Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035;  3.5 crore new seats to be added in higher education


➤ Now Higher Education curriculum will also have Flexibility of Subjects

➤ Multiple Entry / Exit will be allowed with appropriate certification as per New Education Policy 2020

➤ To facilitate Transfer of Credits Academic Bank of Credits to be established.

➤ To foster a strong research culture National Research Foundation to be established.

➤ As per New Education Policy 2020 there will be Light but Tight Regulation of Higher Education, there will be single regulator with four separate verticals for different functions

➤ With graded autonomy to colleges Affiliation System to be phased out in 15 years

➤ New Education Policy 2020 advocates increased use of technology in education system with equity; National Educational Technology Forum to be created for this purpose.

➤ NEP 2020 emphasizes to set up Gender Inclusion Fund and Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups

➤ New Education Policy 2020 promotes Multilingualism in both school-level and Higher Education; National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit , Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up for this purpose.







The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020 on 29.07.2020, paving way for large scale, transformational reforms in both school-level and higher education sectors. This is the first education policy of the 21st century which replaces the thirty-four year old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986.  Built on the foundational pillars of  Equity, Quality, Affordability, Access and Accountability, this policy is  aligned to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. New Education Policy 2020 aims to transform India into a vibrant knowledge society and global knowledge superpower by making both school and college education more holistic, flexible, multidisciplinary which suited to 21st century needs and aimed at bringing out the unique capabilities of each and every student.


Highlights of New Education Policy 2020 | Transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in India


Important Highlights School Education


Ensuring Universal Access at all levels of school education New Education Policy 2020 emphasizes on ensuring universal access to school education at all levels which is pre-school to secondary school. Infrastructure support, innovative education centres to bring back dropout students into the mainstream, tracking and appraising of students and their learning levels, facilitating multiple pathways of learning,  involving both formal and non-formal education modes, association of well-trained social workers or counselors with schools, open learning system for classes 3,5 and 8 through NIOS and State Open Schools, secondary education programs equivalent to Grades 10th and 12th,vocational courses, adult literacy and life-enrichment programs are some of the proposed ways for achieving this. About 2 crore out of school children will be brought back into main stream under New Education Policy 2020.


There will be Early Childhood Care & Education with  new Curricular and Pedagogical Structure. The 10+2 structure of school curricula will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.  This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years children under school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for mental faculties development of a child. Thus new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre schooling. Now NCERT will develop a National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 years.





Attaining Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

Recognizing Foundational Literacy and Numeracy as necessary prerequisite to learning, New Education Policy 2020 calls for setting up of a  National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy by M/o HRD. States will also prepare implementation plan for attaining universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all learners by grade 3 by 2025. A National Book Promotion Policy is to be formulated as per New Education Policy.

Reforms in school curricula and pedagogy


The school curricula and pedagogy will aim for holistic development of learners by equipping them with 21st century skills and reduction in curricular content to enhance essential learning and critical thinking with greater focus on experiential learning. Now students will have increased flexibility and choice of subjects. Vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade with internships. NCERT will develop a new and comprehensive National Curricular Framework for School Education, NCFSE 2020-21.


New Education Policy 2020, NEP, Highlights of New Education Policy, Highlights of School Education, Highlights of Higher Education

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