Essay on Farm Bill 2020 | Farmer Bill 2020 Essay and Highlights of Agriculture Bill 2020

 Indian Government has introduced new farmers bill 2020 or agriculture bill 2020 or farm bill 2020 recently. These bills are for well being of farmers and agriculture sector. Today we are going to write an essay on farmer bills 2020 or farm bill 2020 or agriculture bill 2020. In this essay on farm bill 2020, we will include pros and cons of new farmer's bill 2020. This essay on farmer bill 2020 will be helpful for all competitive exams like ssc cgl descriptive paper tier 3, ssc chsl descriptive paper and other competitive exams.


Essay on Farm Bill 2020

India is an agriculture dominated country. More than 70% of India's population is either directly or indirectly involved in agricultural activities. Due to the hard work of these farmers we are eating peacefully. These farmers feeds entire nation but it is a saddening fact that they are entangled in the fetters of starvation. Recently Central Government has passed new bills for well being of farmers and agriculture sector. But farmers and State Governments are opposing these bills. Farmers across the country have protested against these bills in streets and on roads. Punjab and Haryana farmer's tractor protest in July was opposition of these agriculture bills 2020. On 28th August 2020 Punjab Assembly has passed a resolution rejecting the Central Government's ordinances.

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What is the Farm bill 2020 ?, What benefits will get farmer from  New Agriculture Bills 2020?, How Agriculture Sector will be benefited from Farmers Bills 2020? Why Farmers are protesting against Agriculture bill 2020 ?

What is Farm Bill 2020?

Farm Bill 2020 or Agriculture Bill 2020 is a combination of thee bills passed by Parliament recently. These bills are; Farmers Produce and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020, Farmers Agreement (Empowerment and Protection) on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill 2020 and Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill 2020. These bills make big structural changes in agriculture sector. These bills also encourage corporate investments in agriculture ecosystem to make agriculture more profitable for farmers.


Benefits to Farmers from Farm Bill 2020

The Farm Bill 2020 envisages a path for farmers as an alternative platform to sell their produce in open market. Now farmers can sell their products openly to anyone and anywhere and they can get higher price. There will be no APMC market fee or cess on transactions in such trade areas. APMCs will continue its functioning. Now APMCs have to compete with these alternate platforms and now farmers have a choice for selling their products. This bill gives powers to farmers to sell their good directly to the corporate or exporter buying in bulk from the farm.

The Farm Bill 2020 does not annihilate current  MSP based procurement of food grains. The MSP based procurement system will be continue and former can also sell their crop products in Mandi on existing MSP.

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Government's motive towards Farm Bill 2020

Government has introduced these Farm Bills to transform agriculture sector. This step has been taken by the Government to boost agriculture sector and double the farmers income by 2022. It is thought that freeing of agriculture sector will eventually help in better pricing. When farmers will sell their products to corporates and exporters directly it will induce corporate sector to invest in the agri-ecosystem. This will also give farmers better access to modern technology and farmers will be benefited by it.


Why Farmers are protesting against Agriculture bill 2020 ?

Farmers are apprehensive of getting MSP for their produce as New Farm Bill 2020 opens the way for farmers to sell their produce in open market and fix price by themselves on mutual understanding of corporate and farmer. Farmers also fears that large retailers and corporates could dominate agriculture sector with money power. Farmers doubt that APMCs may become unavailable and have to shutdown in future if trade moves substantially to other alternate platforms. Farmers fear that mandies will become redundant like BSNL and MTNL in future days.

The Price Assurance Bill doesn't prescribe any mechanism for price fixation. Thus there is a apprehension in farmers that free hand given to private corporate houses could lead to farmer exploitation. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance removes, pulses, oil seeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes from the essential commodities list. Thus the amendment deregulates the production, movement, storage and distribution of these food commodities.

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Agriculture Bill 2020 Essay

Farm bill 2020 or Agriculture bill 2020 has already been passed and it has now become law. The pros and cons of new Farm Bill 2020 can be seen in near future.


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