Essay on Mission Chandrayaan 3: Facts and Highlights

Mission Chanrayaan 3 is one of most important India's space mission which reiterates India's indigenous capabilities and vindicates the dream that Vikram Sarabhai saw six decades ago. Here we have written an essay on Mission Chandrayaan 3 which covers all important facts and highlights about mission chadrayaan 3. This essay on Mission Chandrayaan is most important for competitive exams such as UPSC, State PSC, Banking Exams etc. Lets see Essay on Mission Chandrayaan 3:

Essay on Mission Chandrayaan 3

Chandrayaan-3, the third lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is set to advance India's presence in space exploration. The mission consists of a lander and the Pragyan rover, similar to Chandrayaan-2, but does not include an orbiter. The propulsion module serves as a communication relay satellite and carries the lander and rover configuration until the spacecraft reaches a 100 km lunar orbit.

After the challenges faced during the Chandrayaan-2 mission, where a last-minute glitch led to the lander crashing upon entering lunar orbit, ISRO proposed another lunar mission to demonstrate the necessary landing capabilities. Chandrayaan-3 aims to showcase the successful landing required for the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission, a partnership with Japan scheduled for 2025.

Launch of Mission Chandrayaan 3

The launch of Chandrayaan-3 took place on July 14, 2023, at 2:35 PM IST, marking the beginning of the mission's first phase. It was launched on 14th July 2023 by LVM3 from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The injection of the spacecraft into a 100 km circular polar orbit was completed successfully. The lander and rover are expected to make a soft landing near the lunar south pole region on August 23, 2023. Download PDF of this Essay: Click Here

Chandrayaan-3 follows the second phase of the Chandrayaan program, which included the Chandrayaan-2 mission. Chandrayaan-2 consisted of an orbiter, a lander, and the Pragyan rover. The lander was scheduled to touchdown on the lunar surface in September 2019 to deploy the rover. Despite the lander's unsuccessful landing, ISRO remains committed to demonstrating soft landing capabilities for future lunar missions.

Essay on Mission Chandrayaan 3: Facts and Highlights, Mission Chandrayaan 3, Mission Chandrayaan 3 Essay

Architecture of Chandrayaan-3 Mission

The architecture of Chandrayaan-3 mission includes a propulsion module, a lander, and a rover. The propulsion module carries the lander and rover until the lunar orbit is reached. The lander is responsible for the soft landing and carries scientific instruments to perform in-situ analysis. The rover, equipped with cameras, spectrometers, and a drill, will explore the lunar surface, covering a range of 500 meters during its expected lifespan of one lunar day.

Objective of Chandrayaan 3 Mission

ISRO has set three main objectives for the Chandrayaan-3 mission. Firstly, it aims to achieve a safe and soft landing on the lunar surface. Secondly, it seeks to demonstrate the rover's mobility on the Moon's surface. Lastly, the mission aims to conduct in-situ scientific observations, analyzing the Moon's chemical and natural elements, soil, water, and other composition aspects.

Chandrayaan-3 represents a significant step forward for India's space program, demonstrating the nation's technological capabilities. The mission is poised to contribute valuable insights into the composition of the lunar surface, the presence of water ice, lunar impact history, and the evolution of the Moon's atmosphere.

The successful launch of Chandrayaan-3 marks a crucial milestone for India's space exploration journey. As ISRO continues to make advancements in lunar exploration, the mission is expected to provide significant contributions to our understanding of the Moon's composition and further our scientific knowledge of Earth's celestial neighbor.

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