Essay on Uniform Civil Code | Uniform Civil Code Essay | Uniform Civil Code Meaning and Facts

500+ Words Essay on Uniform Civil Code

Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is well known issue for whole India and discussion going on to formulate such personal laws that apply to all the citizens. Thus essay on uniform civil code is very important essay topic for all competitive exams as well as academic exams. Here we have written essay on uniform civil code which is more than 500 words essay in English for all of you.

Essay on Uniform Civil Code (UCC)

Uniform Civil Code refers formulation and implementation of such personal laws of citizens that apply to all citizens equally regardless of their caste, creed and religion. At present, personal laws of different communities are different and it is governed according to their religious text and scriptures.

Formulation and Implementation of a uniform civil code across the nation is one of the contentious matters prevailed in the country since before independence. It is an important issue regarding secularism in Indian politics. It continues to remain disputed by India's political parties, Muslim groups and some other conservative religious groups and sects in defence of their religious customs. 

Uniform Civil Code is  basically concerned with Personal Laws of all communities and religions in India. Personal laws are different from public laws. Personal laws covers matters related to marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption and maintenance. Article 44 of the Constitution of India expects the Indian state to apply directive principles and common law for all Indian citizens while formulating national policies, meanwhile article 25 to 28 of Indian Constitution states religious freedom to Indian citizens and allows religious groups to maintain their own affairs.

Uniform Civil Code Meaning | Uniform Civil Code Essay

Uniform Civil Code is a set of three words i.e. Uniform, Civil and Code. Here, Uniform refers 'not varying or the same in all cases', Civil refers 'connected with the people who live in a country' and code refers 'a systematic statement of law or a set of law'.  Thus this denotes that civil rules should be equal for all the people irrespective of their religion.

In context of India, Uniform Civil Code (UCC) calls for the formulation of one such civil law that should be applicable to all religious communities in matters such as marriage, divorce, maintenance allowance, inheritance, adoption. Uniform Civil Code comes under Article 44 of the Constitution of India. This states that "the state shall endeavour to secure a Uniform Civil Code for the citizens throughout the territory of India." The desirability of a uniform civil code as stated in Constitution of India, is consistent with human rights and the principles of equality, fairness and justice.

Background for Uniform Civil Code

The process of codification of Uniform Civil Code was first started during the British Raj. This was mainly for Hindu and Muslim citizens. The British feared opposition from community leaders and so refrained from further interfering within this domestic sphere. After a long time B N Rau Committee was formed in 1941 to codify Hindu Law. Following Independence of India, based on the recommendations of B N Rau Committee, a bill was adopted in 1956 as the Hindu Succession Act. This amended and codified the law relating to intestate or unwilled succession among Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs while exempted Christians, Jews, Muslims and Parsis, being identified as distinct communities from Hindus.

The judgement in the Shah Bano case is very popular and courts have also made the same point in several other major judgments. In order to bring uniformity in the personal laws the courts have often said in their judgments that the government should move towards a uniform civil code.

Why we need Uniform Civil Code?

Practices such as triple talaq and polygamy impact adversely on the right of women to their life and dignity. Uniform Civil Code emerged as a crucial topic of interest after the Shah Bano case in 1985. The debate arose when the question of making certain laws applicable to all citizens rose. These laws should be without abridging the fundamental right of right to practice religious functions. After that debate focused on the Muslim Personal Law, which is partially based on the Sharia law which permits unilateral divorce, polygamy. Formulation of Uniform Civil Code faces opposition primarily from Muslims, Indian left and conservative section of Hindus as a threat to religious freedom.

Essay on Uniform Civil Code | Uniform Civil Code Essay | Uniform Civil Code Meaning and Facts, Essay on UCC, Uniform Civil Code UPSC

In the above essay on uniform civil code we have attempted to cover all relevant points regarding uniform civil code so that this essay on uniform civil code become the best essay for your exam.

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